Ocean Action Hub

Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are a heterogeneous group of islands that share some common features that make them economically, socially and environmentally vulnerable. Spread over four regions, namely the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean, West Africa and the Pacific, SIDS are particularly small, remote, insular and highly exposed to natural disasters and climate change risks. “Smallness” in terms of area, population and economies constitutes a key driver of vulnerability as it also implies small domestic markets with limited scope for exploitation of economies of scale; a narrow resource base leading to limited export opportunities; and the production of a narrow range of crops, minerals and manufactures which in turn leads to high dependence on imports (including food, fuel and manufactures). A high level of specialization in exports and dependence on imports increases exposure to global economic and financial shocks, including price volatility. Small economies and populations limit employment opportunities and can lead to high migration rates especially of skilled human resources and to a narrowing of the skill base. High migration rates can also generate a positive feedback through the remittances sent back by migrants. Meanwhile, insularity and remoteness are inherent to SIDS and contribute to heightening their vulnerability as remoteness, distance and isolation drive transport costs (UNCTAD, 2014, p.13).

Latest

14 Aug 2019 - Fish stocks are stable and reef health improving, in part thanks to Belize’s substantial ‘no-take’ zones. Now greater legislation is needed to secure progress.

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24 Jul 2019 - The stakes are high for the Pacific, where the pulse of an ailing ocean is sounding a warning for the future of its 12 million people.

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18 Jul 2019 - There is an urgent need for action on the ocean and climate change nexus. Addressing the future of ocean and related climate impacts will require direct action and political

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16 Jul 2019 - Marine invasive species can be hard to eradicate and represent a major threat to the Pacific's marine biodiversity and SIDS' ecological integrity.

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21 Jun 2019 - Seychelles, an archipelago in the western Indian Ocean, has designated 26 percent of its territorial waters as marine protection areas (MPAs), target of SDG14.

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19 Jun 2019 - 27 SIDS have come together in a bid to manage and eliminate toxic chemicals and waste in some of the world’s most vulnerable ecosystems.

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15 May 2019 - António Guterres outlined two “fundamental challenges” facing Pacific leaders: climate change and the world’s rising ocean, which threatens to submerge low-lying nations.

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9 May 2019 - Centre will bring together experts, researchers and policymakers from least developed countries and other African and Asian countries to develop their fisheries sectors.

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9 Apr 2019 - For centuries Cook Islanders have used traditional knowledge to read their environment and provide food for their families. And nature has provided.

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12 Mar 2019 - Published by UNDP Maldives, the magazine focuses on the...
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On 8 June every year, World Oceans Day provides a unique opportunity to honor, help protect, and conserve our world’s shared ocean. Register your event here.
Event Date:
08/06/2019 - 08:00 to 20:00
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10 Dec 2018 - How can new and scaled up investments in coastal areas build the resilience of countries and communities and increase their capacity to cope with climate change?

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